## Under the old production system

1. Under the old production system, it took 8 days to complete one tote bag. This is a measure of?
2. With improvements in troubleshooting, Vuitton has been able to reduce the number of returns on handbags at two of its factories. This reduction in the number of flaws in its products is an example of improvements in?
1. As a result of insufficient production rates, customers were frequently being put on long waiting lists. By increasing production capacity to meet increased demand, Vuitton was attempting to achieve higher?
2. The manufacturing process that best describes Vuitton’s old production methods would be?
3. When Vuitton made an assessment of its manufacturing process, it discovered that items were often left sitting on carts waiting to be moved to the next work station. In response, Vuitton eliminated separate work stations and rearranged its factory floors into U-shaped clusters with adjacent tables. Vuitton’s transition to a more efficient system demonstrates its commitment to quality through?

Solution:

1. Under the old production system 8 days to complete 1 tote bag this is a measure of precision in maintaining the traditional appeal and inefficiency in making large quantities of production. This is because the production was done by traditional operational model.

2. Vuitton has been able to reduce the number of returns on handbags at two of its factories. This reduction in the number of flaws in its products is an example of improvements in manufacturing process.

3. By increasing production capacity to meet increased demand, Vuitton was attempting to achieve higher market share.

4. The manufacturing process that best describes Vuitton’s old production methods would be traditional operating method.

5. Vuitton’s transition to a more efficient system demonstrates its commitment to quality through excellence keeping in mind the need of the customer.

## How can barriers to process improvement, such as staff resistance to change

How can barriers to process improvement, such as staff resistance to change, lack of capital, technological barriers, and clinical practice guidelines, be overcome? Proffer at least 2 recommendations for each barrier with rationale.

Solution:

The need for an organization to optimally achieve its goals or standards quality makes process improvement initiatives important. However, several barriers, including resistance of staff to change, lack of capital, technological barriers and clinical guidelines, abound in the implementation of these initiatives and must be overcome. Staff resistance to change can be overcome by developing a stakeholder analysis to identify the needs of the different stakeholders, such as fear of losing jobs, and providing assurances of their welfare and using a team-based problem solving approach (Pexton, 2017). In addition, since people are likely to oppose what is forced upon them, staff resistance to change can be overcome by involving them in any process improvement stage. Lack of capital requisite to effect changes required for process improvement can be overcome by seeking outside assistance needed to drive initial projects, for example, appealing to financial institutions or donors (Pexton, 2017). Lack of capital can also be overcome though training and mentoring of the existing workforce as this would allow them to handle new tasks that arise from the expected changes (Andersen, 2007).

Technological barriers arise when new solutions have to be adopted in process improvement. They can be overcome by quantifying improvements expected to be brought about by implementation of new technology to efficiency or revenue, as this would allow establishment of a linkage between technology and the key objectives of an organization and in turn reduce skepticism in the ranks (Andersen, 2007). Furthermore, reviewing of the current technology map and considering how it is likely to evolve in future can help anticipate integration issues a how to best address them when a new technology is brought into an organization (Andersen, 2007). Barriers associated with clinical practice guidelines, when process improvement is in the context of healthcare system can be overcome through adoption of systems and structures that lucidly link performance with overall strategies(Pexton, 2017), and use of checklists and protocols to enhance outcomes.

## Engineering Economy (8th Edition) Chapter 4, Problem 31P

Question: Hemisphere, LLC is planning to outsource its 51-person information technology (IT) department to Dyonyx. Hemisphere’s president believes this move will allow access to cutting-edge technologies and skill sets that would be cost prohibitive to obtain on its own. If it is assumed that the loaded cost of an IT employee is $100,000 per year and that Hemisphere will save 25% of this cost through outsourcing, determine the present worth of the total savings for a 5-year contract at an interest rate of 6% per year, compounded monthly. Solution: Effective interest rate accounts for compounding and is known as annual percentage yield (APY). The formula to calculate the effective annual interest rate is $e = (1+i/m)^m - 1$ where m is no of compounding period in given time. Annual effective interest rate i is: $i = \left ( 1 +\frac{6\%}{12} \right )^{12} -1$ $=1.06167-1$ $=0.06167$ Annual saving A is 100,000 x 25% = 25000, n is 5 P=25,000(P/A,6.167%,5) 25,000(4.1932) =$104,830

## Discuss topics around Linux and to find information on the internet

This question tests your ability to discuss topics around Linux and to find information on the internet. Imagine you have a spare desktop machine.

The spare machine is using Ubuntu Desktop 14.04.6 LTS (Trusty Tahr) as its operating system. It is connected to the internet using your home internet router. You would like to use this machine to host:

i) a personal web server

ii) a personal file server

iii) a personal database server.

a. For each type of server, discuss at least two implementations you could use. Make a justified recommendation of one of them, giving a brief reason for your choice. (15 marks) b.Outline how you would prepare, install, configure and confirm that each server was running. (15 marks)

Solution:

The machine is using Ubuntu Desktop 14.04.6 LTS (Trusty Tahr) it is connected to the internet using your home internet router

Ubuntu Server is a server operating system, developed by Canonical and open source programmers around the world, that works with nearly any hardware or virtualization platform. It can serve up websites, file shares, and containers ,as well as expand your company and organization

Personal web server is scaled down web server

i) It can be serves websites file share and containers as well as expand your company SMTP ,HTTP, and most of web languages used as Perl and PHP are supported by personal web server

ii) use that technologies,web applications running on personal web server

hence convenient to use it

our public images daily used personal file server

They are need for personal database server create MySQL account setting permitting to access and handle a database necessary

How to install personal  database server

Step 1 is update apt get package list

sudo apt-get update

step 2 install Apache,MySQL,and PHP packages

sudo apt-get install apache2 mysql-server php libapache2-mod-php -y

step 3 create MySQL database structure

step 4 Run basic MySQL database script

step 5 configure Apache to prioritize PHP file

step 6 Test PHP processing

## In 2021, Long Construction Corporation began construction

In 2021, Long Construction Corporation began construction work under a three-year contract. The contract price is $1,800,000. Long recognizes revenue over time according to percentage of completion for financial reporting purposes. The financial statement presentation relating to this contract at December 31, 2021, is as follows: Required: 1. What was the cost of construction actually incurred in 2021? 2. How much cash was collected in 2021 on this contract? 3. What was the estimated cost to complete as of the end of 2021? 4. What was the estimated percentage of completion used to calculate revenue in 2021? (Round your percentage answer decimal places.) 1. Actual costs incurred in 2021 2. Cash collections in 2021$ 84,000

3. Estimated cost to complete

4. Estimated percentage

Solution:

1. Construction in process = Cost incurred + profit recognized.

=> Cost incurred = $120,000 – 22,000 =$98,000.

2. cash Collection in 2021 :-

=>Billings = Cash Collections + Account receivables.

=> Cash Collections = $116,000 – 32,000 =$84,000.

3. Estimated cost to complete :-

Let A =Actual cost incurred + Estimated cost to complete

=>(Actual cost incurred/A) × (Contract prices-A) = Profit recognized.

=>$98,000 /A) * ($1,800,000 – A) = $22,000. =>$176,400,000,000 – $98,000A = 22,000A A=$1,470,000.

Estimated cost to complete = $1,470,000 – 98,000 =$1,372,000.

4. Estimated Percentage :-=> Actal cost incurred ÷(Cost incurred + Estimated cost to complete).

=> $98,000 ÷ (98,000 +$1,470,000) = 6.25%